No announcement yet.

Regional Thai Food | Central

This is a sticky topic.
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Regional Thai Food | Central

    Introduction to the Regional Thai Cuisine

    Click image for larger version  Name:	Pad-Thai.jpg Views:	0 Size:	147.2 KB ID:	394

    Thai food varies from region to region due to geography and history. In the West, the dishes of the Central Thailand are the ones most commonly served in Thai restaurants, thereby forming the basis of what many foreigners think of as Thai cuisine. These foods thus come the closest to reproducing foreigner's expectations about how Thai food should taste. The Central Plains lie in the middle of Thailand geographically, climatically and culinary. This has allowed the people of this region to taste and appreciate the cuisines of every part of Thailand and to then integrate the various ingredients and cooking styles into their own dishes.

    Typical Central Thai Dishes:
    • Pad Thai - Thailand's most famous dish, hot from street vendors frying up rice noodles, tofu, dried shrimp and bean sprouts in a sweet/spicy sauce.
    • Boats in Bangkok's canals invented guayteow reua, “boat noodle” soup with pork or beef broth.
    • Hoy Tawt, battered and fried mussels in a flour batter, commonly prepared alongside Pad Thai by street vendors
    • Gaeng Kiaw Waan a sometimes sweet coconut curry spiced and colored with fresh green birds eye chilies
    • Nam Prik, a chili paste dip made with shrimp paste (kapee) which is eaten with seasonal vegetables (i.e. morning glory, makok, and cha-om)
    • Salads (yam) mixed with fresh kaffir lime leaves and herbs
    • Curry paste made with spicy Thai chilies, shallots, garlic, galangal, lemongrass, coriander roots, kaffir lime peel and shrimp paste (kapee)
    • Eggs are an all day/every day food and preparations include omelets stuffed with minced pork, fried eggs sunny-side up served on top of gai pad graprow (Chicken Stir Fried with Holy Basil) and boiled or fried salted duck eggs.
    • The Central Plains version of the famous Isan green papaya salad, som tom is sweeter, more sour, and includes the addition of ground peanuts influenced by the King's palace kitchens
    • Khao Chae, an exotic cooling summertime rice dish also originating from the Royal kitchen
    In Bangkok you'll find restaurants, and street stalls, serving Isaan-style Grilled Chicken (gai yang) and spicy Laab Salads to Southern Curry-stuffed Rotis (roti mataba). These influences have always fueled the imaginations of cooks in the Central area, resulting in the most complex regional Thai cuisine, thanks to the wealth of available ingredients and cuisines.

    The widest variety of curriesare eaten in the Central area, and the visitor favorites of Red Curry (Gaeng Phet) and Sweet Green Curry (Gaeng Keaw Waan) originate in this region. The curries in this region can be based in meat stock and coconut milk or dry-fried. These curries are generally not as fiery as the curries of the South or the North-East. Scented with fresh lemongrass and galangal, kaffir lime leaves and fresh mint and basil, they are predominantly hot and salty, warmed by fresh chili peppers and salted with fish sauce and shrimp paste.

    Soups like the famous hot and sour Tom Yam and coconut-milk-based Tom Kha are also eaten here, but often taste sweeter compared to other regions. Central Thai food privileges heat and sweetness in their flavor palate. Chinese-influence shows up in street foods like Fried Chive Cakes and Stewed Pork with 5 Spice Powder and also in stir-fried dishes like Pad Phet, in which meats and vegetables are stir-fried with pungent chilies and Thai basil.

    As the Central area has a wealth of rivers and lakes, common vegetables are ones that grow in the water including watercress and morning glory. Many other vegetables including wing beans, eggplantand bamboo shoots are also popular. Vegetables are added to curries and stir-fries or integrated into simple salads with meats, fresh shallots, fresh herbs, and dressed with chilies, lime juice, sugar and fish sauce. River shrimp and other freshwater fish, along with mollusks and shellfish are frequently on the menu, as are farmed meats like duck, chicken and pork.

    Bangkok is also the destination to try Royal Thai cuisine. These are the dishes – made of expensive ingredients, carefully spiced, and ornately prepared and decorated - traditionally made inside the palace kitchens. Though these recipes were historically closed to Thais outside of the Royal family, restaurants for Royal foods are opening up, and modern chefs are experimenting with these ancient recipes, giving modern Thai people the chance to taste these refined foods.
    Last edited by Ratatouille; 08-15-2021, 12:17 PM.

  • #2
    Spice up your life with Thai food: background, evolution, and influence

    Thai food is a cuisine that is beloved by people all over the world for its complex and diverse flavors. From the sour tang of Tom Yum soup to the spicy kick of Green Curry, Thai food offers a unique culinary experience that satisfies the taste buds and leaves a lasting impression. But Thai cuisine is more than just a delicious meal. It’s a reflection of the country’s rich history and cultural influences. The story of Thai food is one that spans centuries. It has roots in various countries and cultures that have come together to create a unique and vibrant culinary tradition. In this article, we will explore the history and cultural significance of Thai food, from its background and earliest roots to its modern-day popularity.

    The Evolution of Thai Cuisine
    Thai food has undergone significant changes and evolution over the centuries in its background. As a result, we get to enjoy the diverse and complex dishes we know and love today. The development of Thai cuisine can be traced back to ancient times. During those times, it was influenced by neighboring countries such as India and even Persia. These early influences laid the foundation for Thai cuisine and shaped its use of spices, herbs, and flavor combinations. During the Sukhothai era (1238-1438), Thai cuisine began to incorporate more indigenous ingredients such as lemongrass, galangal, and kaffir lime leaves. These ingredients became staples in many Thai dishes and helped to create the unique and distinct flavors of Thai cuisine. Later, during the Ayutthaya period (1350-1767), Thai cuisine was further influenced by the Chinese. This period saw many Chinese immigrants moving to Thailand, bringing with them their own culinary traditions and ingredients. Many Thai dishes were adapted to include Chinese flavors and ingredients. This results in dishes such as Khao Man Gai (Hainanese-style chicken rice) and Pad See Ew (stir-fried noodles with soy sauce and vegetables).

    The Importance of Herbs and Spices in Thai Cuisine
    One of the most distinctive features of Thai cuisine is its use of herbs and spices. These ingredients are not only used for flavor but also for their medicinal and health benefits. For example, turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, while galangal is believed to improve digestion. Thai cuisine makes use of a wide range of herbs and spices, including coriander, basil, ginger, garlic, and lemongrass. These ingredients are often used in combination with one another. That’s why Thai food has complex and layered flavors that are both satisfying and delicious.

    The Balance of Flavors in Thai Cuisine
    Another key element of Thai cuisine is the balance of flavors. Thai food is known for its combination of sweet, sour, salty, and spicy flavors, creating a complex and satisfying taste. The balance of flavors is achieved through the use of ingredients. Some of the most common are tamarind, lime juice, fish sauce, and chili peppers.

    Freshness and Local Ingredients in Thai Cuisine
    Thai cuisine also places a strong emphasis on the use of fresh ingredients and local produce. Many Thai dishes are made with fresh herbs and vegetables that are grown locally. Thus, you can find that the dishes are not only delicious but also healthy and nutritious.

    Popular Thai Dishes
    There are many popular Thai dishes that have gained recognition and become famous worldwide. Some of the most well-known dishes include Pad Thai, a stir-fried rice noodle dish with eggs, peanuts, and bean sprouts. Another popular one is Tom Yum, a spicy and sour soup made with shrimp or chicken and flavored with lemongrass, galangal, and lime. In addition, Green Curry is also popular. It’s a curry dish made with coconut milk, green chilies, and meat or seafood. In conclusion, Thai cuisine is a reflection of the country’s rich history and cultural heritage. From its early influences by neighboring countries to the adaptation of Chinese flavors and ingredients, Thai food has undergone significant evolution over the centuries in its background. Its use of herbs and spices, balance of flavors, and emphasis on fresh and local ingredients have made it a unique and delicious cuisine that is enjoyed by people all around the world.​